Q: What is the law about kids delivering newspapers and where can I find it?
A: Check the U.S. Department of Labor web page, https://www.dol.gov/general/topic/youthlabor/newspaper.
The first two paragraphs you will find on that web page are as follows:
“Minors employed in the delivery of newspapers to consumers are exempt from Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) child labor provisions, as well as the wage and hours provisions. This exemption applies to carriers engaged in making deliveries to the homes of subscribers or other consumers of newspapers (including shopping news). It also includes employees engaged in the street sale or delivery of newspapers to the consumer. However, employees engaged in hauling newspapers to drop stations, distributing centers, and newsstands are not exempted because they do not deliver to the consumer.
“Many states regulate minors employed as newspaper carriers more strictly than the FLSA does. Please consult your state department of labor for more specific information.”
Also, please check the Texas Workforce Commission web page, https://twc.texas.gov/jobseekers/texas-child-labor-law.
Under the heading General Exemptions, please find the following paragraphs:
“When a business is owned or operated by a parent or legal custodian, the parent or custodian may employ their own children at any age to work any hours, so long as the work is non-hazardous (not prohibited) and the child works under the parent or custodian’s direct supervision.”
Then scroll to find these points:
Texas Child Labor Law does not apply to employment of a child who is:
• Engaged in non-hazardous casual employment that will not endanger the safety, health or well-being of the child and to which a parent or legal custodian has consented;
• Casual employment is work that is unscheduled and nonrecurring;
• Non-hazardous employment involves work that neither the federal government nor TWC have determined is dangerous to the safety, health or well-being of a child. For more information, see the sections below about prohibited and permitted occupations;
• 11 years or older delivering newspapers on a newspaper route (exemption does not include direct sales); and
• 16 years or older engaged in the direct sale of newspapers to the general public; and so on.
Q: What’s with all of the variations applicants use in the wording and appearance of public notices of injection well permits?
A: The easy answer is no, there is no standard format, owing to a number of factors. Just consider that the Texas Legislature writes laws and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and the Texas Railroad Commission write rules concerning the oil and gas industry.
Texas laws and rules grow and change. Now, throw into the mix the fact that it’s not always state agencies, but applicants, who are required to produce and deliver the copy for you to publish. You’ve got yourself a tossed salad. So now, to illustrate the array of types of public notice we are talking about, please skim through these:
27.018, Injection wells, public hearing on permit application for an injection well to dispose of industrial and municipal waste;
27.025, Railroad Commission, General permit authorizing use of Class I injection well to inject nonhazardous brine from desalination operations or nonhazardous drinking water treatment residuals;
TEXAS RAILROAD COMMISSION
16 TAC 3.81, Oil and gas, application for draft permit to mine injection well;
16 TAC 4.617, Oil and gas, application for permit for injection of naturally occurring radioactive material;
16 TAC 5.204, Railroad Commission, application for permit for geologic storage and associated injection of anthropogenic carbon dioxide;
TEXAS COMMISSION ON
30 TAC 35.402, Solid waste and uranium by-products, public hearing on application for underground injection control permit;
30 TAC 39.251, Injection wells, public hearing on application for permit;
30 TAC 39.253, Injection wells, public hearing on application for production area authorization of underground injection control;
30 TAC 39.405, General notice requirements for solid waste and injection well permits, plus this note: TCEQ may publish at applicant’s expense any notices regarding administrative completion of permit, etc., if applicant fails to publish;
30 TAC 39.411, Solid waste, water quality, air quality, injection wells, radioactive materials licenses, permit applications notice language;
30 TAC 39.418, Solid waste, water quality, air quality, injection wells, radioactive materials licenses, receipt of application and intent to obtain permit;
30 TAC 39.419, Solid waste, water quality, air quality, injection wells, radioactive materials licenses, application and preliminary decision;
30 TAC 39.5, Solid waste, water quality, air quality, injection wells, radioactive materials licenses, general provisions for notices;
30 TAC 39.651, Injection wells, notice of application for permit;
30 TAC 39.653, Injection wells, public hearing on application for production area authorization;
30 TAC 39.655, Injection wells, aquifer exemption, radioactive waste disposal;
30 TAC 331.202, Underground injection control, new general permit, amendment, renewal, revocation or cancellation of general permit;
30 TAC 331.245, Injection of waste into a salt bedded cavern or freshwater aquifer currently serving as a water supply; and
30 TAC 331.64, Injection of wastewater into freshwater supply.